Sunday, January 12, 2020

Psychological Terror in “the Minister’s Black Veil”

I think that, as a general rule, humans love to categorize things. We like to organize things. We like things to fit into our neat, little organized view of reality, whether it’s a can of soup we buy, a movie we watch, or a person we meet. Everything needs to fit into some sort of category and if it doesn’t fit, we create a category for it to fit into. Categories give us certain expectations about the thing we are dealing with. Stories are no exception to this idea. For example, a romance novel should be romantic, obviously; but we would assume that it also contains some sort of conflict for the hero or heroine to overcome, which eventually leads him or her to their true love, or some sort of happiness at the end. But what effect do these expectations have on our interpretation of a story? Since my goal with this essay is to attempt to categorize the â€Å"The Minister’s Black Veil† by Nathaniel Hawthorne, I will need to investigate what characteristics are present, in hopes that these characteristics will lead me to some sort of definitive answer about the genre of this story. First, we must look at the elements of the story; tone and diction are very important when trying to categorize a story. The tone of the story is somewhat gloomy, and quite isolated. We are drawn into this small town’s world, as they become increasingly terrified of Minister Hooper and his strange veil. And the way the congregation of Hooper’s church see the veil when he first wears it makes it seem as though it was something much more sinister than a â€Å"simple piece of crape† (938). As he preaches about â€Å"secret sin, and those mysteries which we hide from our nearest and dearest† (938), no one can see his face, and thus everyone feels as though Hooper is looking at them, directing his sermon at them: Each member of the congregation, the most innocent girl, and the man of hardened breast, felt as if the preacher had crept upon them, behind his awful veil, and discovered their hoarded iniquity of deed or thought. Many spread their clasped hands on their bosoms. There was nothing terrible in what Mr. Hooper said, at least, no violence; and yet, with every tremor of his melancholy voice, the hearers quaked. 938 The congregation is so unsettled by this strange addition to the Minister’s visage that they cannot stop thinking about it during his sermon; â€Å"[s]o sensible were the audience of some unwonted attribute in their minister, that they longed for a breath of wind to blow aside the veil, almost believing that a stranger’s visage would be discovered, though the form, gesture, and voice were those of Mr. Hooper† (938). No one is immune to the terror that this black piece of crape invokes. The entire town is on edge and speculative as to what the veil means. And the words used to describe the veil and its effects are definitely indicative of this fear; â€Å"terrible thing† (939); â€Å"ghostlike† (939); â€Å"horrible† (940); â€Å"gloom† (940); â€Å"dismal shade† (941). This piece of fabric has separated Hooper from his beloved congregation. While they thought him a happy and benevolent man before, they now feel fear and distrust when they see him. One lady of his congregation remarks, â€Å"I would not be alone with him for the world. I wonder that he is not afraid to be alone with himself† (939). But Hooper is not immune to the sinister effects of the veil. At the wedding he officiates later the same day, he sees his reflection, and what he sees terrifies him: At that instant, catching a glimpse of his figure in the looking-glass, the black veil involved his own spirit in the horror with which it overwhelmed all others. His frame shuddered, his lips grew white, he spilt the untasted wine upon the carpet, and rushed forth into the darkness. For the Earth, too, had on her Black Veil. 940 If we take â€Å"The Minister’s Black Veil† as a horror story, it leads us to certain conclusions about the nature of the veil and Hooper’s refusal to take it off. If horror is something that centers upon the horrifying or macabre, especially concerning the supernatural, one can see that this story could belong. Hooper never divulges the exact nature of the veil, and we are left to speculate about what it could possibly mean. Several possibilities present themselves if we think of this story as a horror story; it could be that the veil is covering Hooper’s face to be a constant reminder to his congregation and all who see him of secret sin. It seems that the idea that he could possibly know someone’s secret sin is terrifying to the townspeople. Indeed, this veil does give Hooper â€Å"awful power over souls that were in agony for sin† (943). Sinners fear him, because they feel that the black veil is a reference to their own personal secret sins. And the veil gives him an association with the dead and ghostly qualities; after the girl’s funeral at the beginning of the story, one woman remarks that she thought she saw Hooper walking hand in hand with the ghost of the dead girl. Such things would not have been imagined if he had never donned the veil. But however terrifying the veil is, I think this story lacks any visceral or shocking scenes. The idea of the veil hiding sins, the image of it on Hooper’s face is incredibly creepy, to be sure. But I think horror stories especially rely on the supernatural and the unknown to make them unsettling. And while this story does use the veil as an unknown, and it is unsettling, I think that the part of the story that really gets to me is the psychological torment and uneasiness that the veil casts not only on the townspeople, but on Hooper himself. Let us take the definition of a psychological story as something that focuses on the mental and emotional aspects of the characters. The terror in this story, then, is largely in the way that this simple piece of fabric gets under everyone’s skin. It isn’t a horrifying object in and of itself, and I think that is what draws me away from thinking of this as a horror story. This black piece of crape is enough to turn people against Hooper. They avoid him, stop inviting him over for dinner, picture him capable of all sorts of acts that they never would have thought him capable of prior to the veil. And imagine Hooper’s existence. He has vowed to wear the veil until death! No one knows why, although when explaining to Elizabeth why the veil must always be kept on, he says that â€Å"I, perhaps, like most other mortals, have sorrows dark enough to be typified by a black veil† (941). What sorrows these are, we never find out. This again plays a large role in the psychological aspect of the story: we never know exactly what drove Hooper to end his days with the black veil on his face. Perhaps it is related to the girl that died at the beginning of the story; he first wears the veil the same day as her funeral, and in Perkins footnote to â€Å"The Black Veil†, Hawthorne is shown to have made reference in his own footnotes to Joseph Moody, a clergyman in New England who accidentally killed a friend of his in his childhood. After his friend`s death, Moody wore a black veil until his own death (Perkins and Perkins, 937). Perhaps Hawthorne`s reason for detailing this true story with â€Å"The Minister’s Black Veil† is a clue; if we take Hooper’s black veil as a sign of his own personal sin, and he is wearing the veil as a reminder to himself that he is a sinner, and can only be redeemed after death, then all of the effects that the veil has on the townspeople are unintentional. I think that this idea is very plausible. Hooper was generally thought to be a pushover by his congregation, who thought that it must be a phase that he would get over and take the veil off. But Hooper’s strange dedication to the veil does seem to indicate some sort of personal attachment to the idea of secret sin. Perhaps he did have something to do with the girl’s death, or was in a relationship with her before she died. Either way, the presence of the veil seems to indicate that he feels guilty about something, and feels that it is necessary to always live behind this veil as a result of that guilt. That it has an effect on other people is secondary; or at best preventative: maybe Hooper is attempting to thwart other’s sins by making public that he has his own. (1487) Works Cited Hawthorne, Nathaniel. â€Å"The Minister’s Black Veil. † The American Tradition in Literature. Ed. George Perkins and Barbara Perkins. 12th Ed. Vol. 1. Toronto: McGraw Hill, 2009. 937 – 945. Perkins, George, and Barbara Perkins. Footnote 1 to â€Å"The Minister’s Black Veil†. The American Tradition in Literature. Ed. George Perkins and Barbara Perkins. 12th Ed. Vol. 1. Toronto: McGraw Hill, 2009. 937 – 945.

Saturday, January 4, 2020

Essay on The Contrast Between Life And Death Is A Very...

A candle in a dark room, the red coat in that black and white film, the energy, the emotion and the symbolism of these scenes can make apparent to any reader the abyss that there seems to be between the beginning and the end. But what happens when these contrasts between life and death are blurred? When two seemingly unarguable ideas contradict each other? The School, by Donald Barthleme and The Road out of Eden, by Randall Grace are examples of such conundrums. The texts use contrasting structure-styles, irony and differing thematic ideas to explore how various aspects of death impact individuals. The simplistic style in â€Å"The Road out of Eden† is used to emphasise the childish aspect of the narrator as he tells his story. His use of†¦show more content†¦His narrating style is disorganised, repetitive, out of order, thematically disorderly, making awkward sense and a little drawn out with its observations. Sentences stop unconcluded at times. The use of ellipses ads points of uncomfortable pause like with â€Å"and the salamander . . . well, now they know not to carry them around in plastic bags.† The text is in short awkward, unfocused. It reflects the mind of someone in shock and incapable of dealing with death. The style presents an idea of how people cope with death and embeds in the very structure of the idea that those who have been subject to loss â€Å"require an assertion of value†. It’s an interesting subject present throughout â€Å"The School† it is however also present in â€Å"The Road out of Eden† where after the murder of Joe Ron the narrator begins to expressing doubt as in his use of uncertainty in â€Å"we weren’t best friends after that, I guess.† This mirrors the use of uncertainty in â€Å"The school† but also points out very big difference between the two texts. While confusion and hence death is present from the beginning of â€Å"the school† this co nfusion only come in â€Å"the road out of eden† in the very last paragraph. This can be understood when looking at the basis of the arguments of death in both texts. In both texts the authors use age to explore uncommon aspects of death. In â€Å"The Road out of Eden† the age of the main characters is usedShow MoreRelatedThe Forest Of Gombe By Jane Goodall1165 Words   |  5 Pagesmysterious phenomenon. However, as science becomes advanced, people gradually lost in the relationship between it and religious beliefs. In the essay â€Å"In the Forest of Gombe†, Jane Goodall spends long time with chimpanzees in the forests to recover from her husband’s death. During this period, she learns new ideas from the chimps and finds herself back, and understands the complicated relationship between scientific ideas and religious beliefs. Thus, to uncover peace, people have to understand themselvesRead MoreEssay on Natural Symbolism in Blood-Burning Moon1289 Words   |  6 Pagesits only Natural. There are two real conflicts in Jean Toomers Blood-Burning Moon. The first is racial, which can be referenced in the very first sentence, and the second is a gender conflict, that subtly unfolds with the main characters development. In this essay, I will show how Toomer uses vivid descriptions and comparisons of nature to establish these conflicts, and also to offer an explanation of their origin. He writes to argue that these roles, like the earth, are natural and thereforeRead MoreAnalysis Of David Foster Wallace s Speech1194 Words   |  5 Pageshappiness. Wallace contends that the natural way in which people think, the â€Å"default-setting,† is easy and unconscious yet detrimental. An alternative way of thinking, a â€Å"well-adjusted† approach that Wallace advocates, is hard work and takes practice yet is much more constructive. 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This is in great contrast to the actual words all about death and war. * Line 1 – ‘In Flanders Fields the poppies blow’ presents a nice natural image of poppies swaying in the breeze. * Line 2 – ‘Between the crosses row on row, That mark our place†¦Ã¢â‚¬â„¢ ‘row on row’ signifies the enormous number of graves, as it is not a definiteRead MoreTheme Of Love In Wuthering Heights922 Words   |  4 Pagesforms. Sonnet 18, undoubtedly one of Shakespeare’s most famous works and believed to be one of the most famous love poems of all time, illustrates the timelessness and true beauty of love in a natural, pure way. In contrast, Emily Bronte’s Wuthering Heights takes a far darker, more intense yet somewhat sinister twist when exploring the themes of love, passion and cruelty. One of the greatest love stories in English literature, the love-hate passionate relationship between Cathy and Heathcliff ignitesRead MoreThe Ethos Of Art Nouveau Across The Arts And Architecture1656 Words   |  7 PagesThe Ethos of Art Nouveau across the Arts and Architecture. Art Nouveau – ‘A style of art and architecture of the 1890s, characterised by the swelling sinuous outlines and stylized natural forms, such as flowers and leaves.’ (The definition of art nouveau) The name derives from ‘Maison de ‘Art Nouveau’, an interior design gallery in Paris in 1896 however the movement had multiple names throughout Europe, such as ‘Jgendstil’ in Germany; in Italy Stile Liberty or Floreale ; in Spain ModernistaRead MoreEssay on Comparing The Soldier and Dulce et Decorum Est644 Words   |  3 PagesComparing The Soldier and Dulce et Decorum Est The Soldier by Rupert Brooke and Dulce et Decorum Est by Wilfred Owen were both written during world war one. War and death are the themes of both poems but they are written from different perspectives. Brooke seems to base his poem on myth because overall he says that it is good to die for your country while fighting at war is terrible and that it is every soldier for himself and not for your country. There are manyRead MoreHeathcliff and Edgar Linton783 Words   |  4 Pages‘moonbeam’ compared to ‘lightning’ or as different as ‘frost’ is to ‘fire’, Heathcliff and Edgar Linton signify the stark contrast between nature and civilisation. When Catherine Earnshaw says to Nelly ‘Heathcliff is more myself than I am’ she is referring to their natures, the natural inclination that they both have. It is this similarity, this natural identity that represents Heathcliff one side of a polarity that opposes nature to civilisation, inhuman to social and the energetic to placid. Edgar Linton

Friday, December 27, 2019

The Worker Next Door - 884 Words

Matt Clendening Eng 1301 6th 1/24/10 Klepper The Worker Next Door In the essay â€Å"The Worker Next Door† written by Dr.Chris Chiswick, the author addresses the illegal immigrant problem in America, and gives several questionable reasons how if the flow of illegal immigrants were deterred, jobs would still be filled, and life would go on as usual, or even better. Dr.Chiswick wrote a not too convincing essay, having many places where he could have improved or even left out certain parts of his essay that would have made this writing better, and more realistic to his audience. I spotted a couple areas where the author went on a tangent of barely related areas to illegal immigration. Along with that, it doesn’t really seem like he tried to†¦show more content†¦Have you noticed how in this very essay, there doesn’t seem to be a nice flow between topics, and that things may at times, seem fairly irrelevant to the subject at hand? This is how i felt while reading â€Å"The Worker Next Door†. 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This is an important event in US history because it helped accomplish the tasks unions and strikes had tried to accomplish years earlier, It improved working conditions in factori es nationwide and set new safety laws and regulations so that nothingRead MoreA Report On The Association1158 Words   |  5 PagesAs I twiddle my thumbs in the early light of the morning, I haven’t heard the milk steamer stop screaming for more than 30 seconds. I see the two front doors as one giant revolving door; one person leaves, and another enters with the Sandman riding shotgun under their eyes. As each person slowly stumbles in one by one the smell of coffee begins to fill every crevice in the room. I wait in a short line, but I am quickly greeted by a woman with a warm smile who offers me a friendly, â€Å"Good morningRead MoreEssay on Questions for Critical Thinking 11553 Words   |  7 Pagesthe nearest buyer would be $20 per ton. In the meantime, a business next door just went bankrupt and the bank is offering a special deal where you can buy another 100 tons of steel for $180 per ton. Assume that the interest rate is 0%. Which of the following are correct? a. Sell your 100 tons at the going market price of $250 and make a profit of $30 per ton ($50 less $20 cost of shipping). b. Buy the 100 tons next door at $180 and resell at a price of $250 less $20 shipping, for a netRead MoreWhat is quality Essay543 Words   |  3 PagesWhat does quality mean to you? Every day I meet three businesses that uphold different sets of what they call a quality. In the morning when I go to work, when I open the front door of my home, I face the view of a small canteen, operated by three ladies. Their market is the workers of a police headquarter about several hundred meters away from my home. What is quality in this canteen? Quality here means that all food is warm and freshly made on the same day. 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While working, the garment workers, made up of mostly poor Italian and Jewish women immigrants, would constantly be yelled at and called sexist slurs by bosses, and forced to work long, tiringRead MoreA Dark Gloomy Night By Leonardo Da Vinci1504 Words   |  7 Pagesher head. Her light blue eyes were practically glowing. â€Å"What painting,† I asked in submitance because I knew she wouldn’t give up. â€Å"The Mona Lisa, you probably haven’t heard of it,† Melodie said disappointedly. Melodie worked at the cafà © next to the famous Louvre museum, so naturally she would be the first on to hear about it. â€Å"It’s the painting by Leonardo Da Vinci with the woman on the dreary background and she’s kind of smiling,† She explained excitedly. I looked at her in questionRead MoreThe Building Owned By The Triangle Waist Company1561 Words   |  7 PagesBuilding owned by the Triangle Waist Company. According to the owners, Max Blanck and Isaac Harris were practicing a common procedure in many factories to prevent workers from taking extra breaks and preventing theft. They locked the exit doors. These owners, weren’t held accountable for the deaths of the 146 employees. Numerous workers could not escape from the eighth, ninth and tenth floors. Max Blanck and Isaac Harris would go to trial for their actions of ignoring poor work conditions againstRead MoreCustomers Always Right?1283 Words   |  6 Pagestimes of day and night and I can almost predict the type (crazy and crazier) of customers at the same time of the month as well. Customers at Roadies range from somewhat normal and polite to disrespectful. The customers in the morning are mainly farm workers and 95% don’t speak English. So, I make do with the language barrier. A coworker of mine, Sarah Divina asked, â€Å"Will it hurt them (Mexicans) to at least try to learn some English? I can understand if they’re new in this country, but most of them had

Wednesday, December 18, 2019

Critique Of Stephen Seamands Ministry - 1540 Words

Critique of Stephen Seamands’ Ministry in the Image of God Trinitarian Ministry Stephen Seamands proffers a Trinitarian description of Christian Ministry as the ministry of Jesus Christ, the Son, to the Father, through the Holy Spirit, for the sake of the church and the world. The author seems to presume that many in the Christian faith have not adequately observed or applied the doctrine of the Trinity significantly in the vocation of ministry. It is with this perception that he postulates a Trinitarian approach of ministry that emphasizes communion with God shaping our language about God to shape our heart so we might share in the life of God. In arriving at his conclusions, Seamands uses well-grounded Scriptural foundations, along with a descriptive of the Icon of the Holy Trinity painted in 1425 by a Russian Monk, Andrei Rublev, including the historical significance that is traced back to the Enlightenment, and the findings of renowned theologians beginning with Karl Barth. The preponderance of evidence provided supports the authorâ₠¬â„¢s contention that the grammar of the Christian faith and life is rooted in the doctrine of the Trinity having created the current Trinitarian renaissance. There are three foundational points in this theological approach that provide comprehension for that which seems beyond understanding --- God in one being; God in three persons. First, the main idea is centered on joining with Christ in the continuing ministry that substantiates the

Tuesday, December 10, 2019

Strategies for Supporting Team Members †Myassignmenthelp.Com

Question: Discuss About the Strategies for Supporting Team Members? Answer: Introduction The team effectiveness can be terminated as the capacity of particular teams to accomplish the goals as well as the objectives of the organization (Wang Waldman and Zhang 2014). A team is considered as the collection of the people interdependent in their tasks and they share responsibilities for shared outcomes. The group cohesiveness and the team work are essential components of the team effectiveness (Wang Waldman and Zhang 2014). It is important to perform the evaluation of the team so that they are on the way to achieve effective team outcomes. The leaders should be in strategic position to lead and manage the team in an effective manner. BizOps are engaged in the sales of exclusive phone products all around Australia. The business aims to give high quality of products as well as innovative services to the customers. This would require outstanding team efforts and good team performance so that the organizational goals are achieved. This paper would define the documentation process of the organization regarding the plans, strategies and methods that would be used to lead as well as manage the different teams located at the retail outlets. This document would be useful for the evaluation of the effectiveness of the team leadership performance. Discussion Purpose, role, accountability and responsibilities of team Our organizations mission is to provide high quality, innovative products to the customers. It is also committed to meet the changing needs of the customers. The organization is engaged in the delivery of the speedy as well as personalized services to the customers. The business goals of the organization include maintaining financial stability, securing the market position and recruiting the right people in the organization. This goal would not be achieved without the help of the employees and the team members. The purpose of creating the teams in the retail outlet is better understanding of the organizational decisions and increased participation of the members (Wang Waldman and Zhang 2014). The increased participation of the members help in better implementation of the policies, decisions and rules of the organization. The teams would also help in better problem solving activities of the organization (Dingsoyr and Dyba 2012,). There would be different kinds of roles of the team such as combining resources or competencies so that the organizational objectives are accomplished. There would be cross functional teams which would enable greater functional competencies to combine on shared objectives. The responsibilities of the teams would include the management of the day to day operations, impart training, listen to each others feedback, engage in clear communication and others (Wang Waldman and Zhang 2014). The team leaders would be responsible for designing the timeline that their teams wo uld need to reach the end goal. Performance Plan Every team exists for specific purpose at the workplace and there are variety of teams that function in the workplace (Wang Waldman and Zhang 2014). The purpose of the teams is to achieve the organizational goal and more importantly achieve the teams individual goals (Gong et al. 2013). The team members are expected to fulfil particular outcomes, goals and key performance indicators as per their job profile and achieve them periodically. All the team members are needed to achieve the goals of the organization and take suitable actions for fulfilling them (Gong et al. 2013). The effective teams are characterised by shared vision and accountability of each team member. The performance plan for the employees of BizOps is concerned with the increase in the number of customers and the implementation of sustainable business practices. The performance plan for the employees are described as under- Goal Increase the number of loyal customers by 20 percent over a period of eight months KPI Marketing executives are expected to make 30 walk in per day at sale outlets and make average sales of 12 per day Action Required Team Cohesiveness Team Communication Team training Team Rapport Brainstorming sessions Support Assistant Team Leader Team Leader Operations Manager Training Manager Completed by 15/06/17 Evaluation of performance Team leader to monitor the interaction of the sales executives and customers Results of customer handling techniques to be compared with results recorded prior to training Fig: Performance Plan for BizOps Enterprises Source: Created by Author Strategies for supporting team members It is important to ensure that the team members are meeting their desired outcomes for the team performance (Kauffeld and Lehmann-Willenbrock 2012). There would be formulation of specific objectives that would help in the achievement of team objectives. The managers should define the membership role as well as functions of individual team members. For example, the outlet manager is responsible for the overall management of the operational activites so that there is an increase in the sales of the outlets. The sales staff should be assigned duties of meeting, greeting and answering the doubts of the customers. The team leader should have clear understanding of the different team projects. The strategies of the team should be designed by keeping in mind the abilities as well as skills of the team members (Gong et al. 2013). This would help the leaders to allocate appropriate tasks to them. There should be mutual responsibility as well as accountability of theh team and this should be e nforced by the team leaders (Baur and Schmitz 2012). The members should be developed capacities that enable them to take responsibility of their efforts. There would be consultative approach in gaining the inputs of the team members regarding the decision making activity within the team (Gong et al. 2013). There should be open views regarding the team decisions where every member would be allowed to share their viewpoints. A high level of participation would be encouraged which would increase the productivity of the team (Wheelan 2014). The participation rate is directly proportional to the level of commitment. There would also be periodic training and development for the employees which would be based on the skill gap of the employees (Gong et al. 2013). It would address the key performance indiciators and try to enhance the skills of the employees so that they are able to fulfil these critierias. Strategies- Input of team members in planning, decision making and operational aspects The inputs of the team members in the matters of planning, operations and decision making activity are important as they are the ground levels of employees whose feedback can be valuable for meeting the organizational objectives (Gong et al. 2013). The following steps would be understaken for this purpose- Encouraging contribution- The genuine contribution of the team members should be sought from the employees by giving them sufficient importance and making them feel valuable. Foster clear channels of communication- There should be transparent communication between the team members and all the messages of the management should be clearly communicated to the team (Lee et al. 2012). It is also important to facilitate group discussion in the team and brainstorming sessions would be helpful for this purpose. Associating benefits for higher participation rates- The organization would give both financial as well as non-finacial benefits for more participation in the team activities (Gong et al. 2013). Increased cooperation- The team should engage in supporting each other and the mutual cooperation would help the team to realise its potential (Hoever et al. 2012). The organization would strive to provide the best environment for the team so that the team can help each other in good faith. Fostering high level of trust- There should be high levels of team collaboration and understanding among the team members which would help them to engage in the team planning process (Davenport 2013). Ensure accountability- The employees should be made responsible for their own work and they should know thei job duties well (Lee et al. 2012). Strategies for participation of team members in team activities The team members should be encouraged for taking responsibilities of the team activities which includes giving attention to the communication process also (Lee et al. 2012). The various strategies for encouraging the participation of the team members are defined as follows- Encouraging ownership- Team members would contribute more to the project if thee is inbuilt sense of ownership. The team members should identify with the success of the team and they should treat the project as their own (Avey Wernsing and Palanski 2012). They would be given the freedom to experiment with different solutions when face with problematic situation. Giving chance to everyone to speak- It would be evident that some team members would be self confident/assertive while the others would be shy/quiet. The meetings should be structured so that everyone receives equal opportunity to speak (Kaner 2014). The team members should be encouraged about articulating their ideas Set a good example- The senior management of the firm should engage in providing good examples to the team members they are motivated about the work. Development and facilitation of team cohesion It is important to support team cohesion in BizOps and allow the team members to take responsibility of their work and help others in fulfilling the team objectives. The draft policy and set of procedures for achieving this are outlined below- All employees would be guided by the managers regarding their roles and responsibilities in the organization. They can seek clarification from the manager and when required. There would be excellent modes of communication that would be used for promoting team work (Lee et al. 2012). There would be sharing of information, building of trust and active listening to the grievances process. The communication level should be clear across all hierarchal levels. All the team members would be given a chance to present their viewpoints and they should their concerns at that time only. The team leads would encourage the employees to give more contribution to the day to day activities of the team and the overall team success. The employees would be held accountable for their work and ever individual should be answerable for his/her work responsibilities (Lee et al. 2012). There would be frequent team workshops which would aim to increase the motivation level of the employees. Formal feedback process The feedback process is important for improving the performance of the employees. A mere personal development plan is not sufficient to give valuable feedback to the employees (Lee et al. 2012). The feedback process should encourages, rewards as well as values the contribution of the employees (Mowday Porter and Steers 2013). The different leadership techniques as well as strategies for this purpose are defined follows- Positive One- The feedback process should be a positive one and it should be aimed at improving the quality of the performance of the team members (Lee et al. 2012). It should be taken in a friendly manner and the conversation with the employees should be done in a warm way. Timely- The feedback process should not hamper the work of the employees and it should have proper time which is suitable for the team members and their performances (Lee et al. 2012). Regular Process- The feedback process should be a regular one and the time duration should be fixed by the management (Lee et al. 2012). The duration would rest on the decision of the management. Constructive Criticism- The leaders should engage in providing constructive criticism to the employees that would help the individuals grow (West 2012). Grievance redressal process The problems, issues and the grievances of the employees should be identified ans suitable solutions would be provided to them- Identification of the issues- The team leaders would engage in identification of the actual reasons of the problems. Understanding the best interests- It is important to understand each others viewpoints who are involved in the problem. It is important to engage in active listening process (Vanicek and Krakiwsky 2015). Listing of the possible solutions- The probable solution of the problem should be listed and this can be done by brainstorming sessions (Lee et al. 2012). Evaluation of the possible options- The probable solutions would be evaluated by understanding their advantages as well as disadvantages. Documentation of the agreements- There should be proper documentation of the issues and the solutions. It is important to write down the details (Vanicek and Krakiwsky 2015). Focussing on the contingencies- The situations may change and hence it is important to focus on the continengies (Kattner 2012). Role model for the team I, retail outlet manager, would ensure that my contribution to the team would act as role model for the team members and it would also improve the image of the organization among the stakeholders. It is important that the manager has qualities which helps in the motivation of the team members and this would enhance their performance (Vanicek and Krakiwsky 2015). The manager should demonstrate confidence as well as leadership so that the team members are themselves confident (Rana et al. 2015). They should be not be afraid to be unique and incorporate innovativeness. They should show respect as well as concern for others, which would make the team members to show concern for each other. The leaders should have humility as well as the capability to accept their own mistakes (Kattner 2012). This would make the team members admit their individual mistakes when the situation demands so. The manager should have sufficient knowledge and they should know how to manage contingent situations ( Larose 2014). Communication process The communication process should be proper and there should be individualised communication mode for different mode of the stakeholders (Vanicek and Krakiwsky 2015). The senior management should be communicated through the help of email, newsletters, videoconferencing and face to face discussion (Northouse 2012). The outlet managers should be communicated thorugh staff meetings, emailand others. The sales staffs would be contacted through the help of intranets, company email and feedback sessions. The customers of the company should be contacted through phone calls, personal interaction, email, social media network and others (Vanicek and Krakiwsky 2015). The recruitment agencies should be contacted through telephonic conversations, meetings, teleconferencing and others. Two way communciation flow There would be two way communication process between the team members, which would ensure that the performance issues are addressed properly. There should be sender and receiver, which would operate in an area of minimal external distractions (McQuail and Windahl 2015). The employes should be asked feedback about the organization and about their individual job roles. Regular feedbacks should be taken about the organizational rules and processes. Any views of the employees should be respected and they should be encouraged to give valuable advices (Vanicek and Krakiwsky 2015). The organization should also focus on communicating with the team members about the important organizational norms (Bouhafs Mackay and Merabti 2012). This should be facilitated by different kinds of communication tools such as chatrooms, instant messaging, telephone conversations, in-person communication and others (Vanicek and Krakiwsky 2015). It is important that the organization should foster two way communica tion process in which the organizatons would share their feedbacks with the employees and they in turn would share any grievances with the management. The employee would be given sufficient options to justify their actions or cite reasons for any deviations in performances. The employees are required to adhere to the rules of the management and at the same time, they should be given an opportunity to be heard. Conclusion The team effectiveness is one of the most important aspects of the organization. The success or the failure of the organization depends solely on the effectiveness of the teams. This document defined the different team operational procedures in BizOps Enterprise. The purpose of creating the teams in the retail outlet is better understanding of the organizational decisions and increased participation of the members. A key performance plan is formulated based on the goals, key KPI and action required for effective teams. The managers should define the membership role as well as functions of individual team members. Different strategies are formulated for making the teams participate in the planning, decision making and operational aspects. The different strategies for participation of team members in team activities are explored. A draft policy has been prepared for development and facilitation of team cohesion. The different leadership techniques for formal feedback process is defined . The grievance redressal process of the organization is explored. The communication process that would be implemented in the outlets are defined in detail. This report would make it clear about the process of team effectiveness that would be followed in the given organization. References Avey, J.B., Wernsing, T.S. and Palanski, M.E., 2012. Exploring the process of ethical leadership: The mediating role of employee voice and psychological ownership.Journal of Business Ethics,107(1), pp.21-34. Baur, D. and Schmitz, H.P., 2012. Corporations and NGOs: When accountability leads to co-optation.Journal of Business Ethics,106(1), pp.9-21. Bouhafs, F., Mackay, M. and Merabti, M., 2012. Links to the future: Communication requirements and challenges in the smart grid.IEEE Power and Energy Magazine,10(1), pp.24-32. Davenport, T.H., 2013.Process innovation: reengineering work through information technology. Harvard Business Press. Dingsyr, T. and Dyb, T., 2012, June. Team effectiveness in software development: Human and cooperative aspects in team effectiveness models and priorities for future studies. InProceedings of the 5th International Workshop on Co-operative and Human Aspects of Software Engineering(pp. 27-29). IEEE Press. Gong, Y., Kim, T.Y., Lee, D.R. and Zhu, J., 2013. A multilevel model of team goal orientation, information exchange, and creativity.Academy of Management Journal,56(3), pp.827-851. Hoever, I.J., Van Knippenberg, D., Van Ginkel, W.P. and Barkema, H.G., 2012. Fostering team creativity: perspective taking as key to unlocking diversity's potential.Journal of Applied Psychology,97(5), p.982. Kaner, S., 2014.Facilitator's guide to participatory decision-making. John Wiley Sons. Kattner, F., 2012. Revisiting the relation between contingency awareness and attention: Evaluative conditioning relies on a contingency focus.Cognition emotion,26(1), pp.166-175. Kauffeld, S. and Lehmann-Willenbrock, N., 2012. Meetings matter: Effects of team meetings on team and organizational success.Small Group Research,43(2), pp.130-158. Larose, D.T., 2014.Discovering knowledge in data: an introduction to data mining. John Wiley Sons. Lee, S., Tang, C., Park, S.Y. and Chen, Y., 2012, February. Loosely formed patient care teams: communication challenges and technology design. InProceedings of the ACM 2012 conference on computer supported cooperative work(pp. 867-876). ACM. McQuail, D. and Windahl, S., 2015.Communication models for the study of mass communications. Routledge. Mowday, R.T., Porter, L.W. and Steers, R.M., 2013.Employeeorganization linkages: The psychology of commitment, absenteeism, and turnover. Academic press. Northouse, P.G., 2012.Leadership: Theory and practice. Sage. Hamilton, C., 2013.Communicating for results: A guide for business and the professions. Cengage Learning. Rana, N.P., Dwivedi, Y.K., Williams, M.D. and Lal, B., 2015. Examining the success of the online public grievance redressal systems: an extension of the IS success model.Information Systems Management,32(1), pp.39-59. Vanicek, P. and Krakiwsky, E.J., 2015.Geodesy: the concepts. Elsevier. Wang, D., Waldman, D.A. and Zhang, Z., 2014. A meta-analysis of shared leadership and team effectiveness. West, M.A., 2012.Effective teamwork: Practical lessons from organizational research. John Wiley Sons. Wheelan, S.A., 2014.Creating effective teams: A guide for members and leaders. Sage Publications.

Tuesday, December 3, 2019

Who Is The Tragic Hero, Antigone Or Creon Essays - Operas, Antigone

Who Is the Tragic Hero, Antigone or Creon? This analysis is to determine the character that fits the tragic hero profile; it was completely based according to the Aristotelian idea of tragic hero and it is understood that hero is: "...neither purely evil or purely wicked; the hero must born in the high social status, and he/she must possess a tragic flaw which is proper from the inner side of the character; it usually manifests in the form of poor judgment and or arrogance, condemning him/herself into a catastrophic finality and in the meanwhile, establishes other character's destiny" (Eschbach 02/17,). Either Antigone or Creon is situated in the highest level of the social hierarchy. Creon became the king of Thebes, after his two nephews killed each other over the throne; Antigone (Creon's niece), was an orphan who happened to be Creon's future daughter in law. Both presented moral values, differing exclusively on the situation they were applied. Creon's actions towards the people reflected honesty and equal treatment upon the laws he made. Antigone's actions towards the burial of her brother (although he fought against his country, she taught that he deserved to be buried), reflected fidelity and respect upon the religious tradition and the gods' laws. However, both presented hubris, which made either one wrong.; Creon would not accept anybody's disobedience against his laws, and Antigone, on the other hand, would not give up on her brother's burial. In this case, Creon is wrong because he does not have the right to choose the person that could be buried; his laws could not interv ene the gods' laws. Antigone is just as wrong as Creon. By disobeying the men's laws, she automatically disobeyed the gods' laws as well. After a profound analysis of the tragedy, I strongly think that Antigone is not able to be a tragic heroine. Although she encounters the high status of the social hierarchy, her hubris, her moral values and philosophy of living, she is not as adequate as Creon is in Aristotle's profile. Antigone possesses all moral values to be, somewhat, a heroine (not a tragic one); she is an eminent example of someone who did what she thought it was right to do (Polynieces' burial), and while she was among danger, obstacles and people who were cowards (Chorus), she obeys the laws of the gods and is careless about the mortal law's penalty, her own death. She explains to her sister that her reward after death would reflect on her nobility and values while she was alive. "So, do as you [Ismene] like, whatever suits you best I will bury him myself. And even if I die in the act, that death will be a glory" (Sophocles 1045). She also admits that her departure from the mortals' world would help her escape her miserable life (referring to her family loss). She is just too perfect to be a tragic hero; she only does what is right, and her death is not seen as a tragedy and yet, a benefit. What are left on my thoughts are the reasons that make Creon more tragic than Antigone. Is it relevant to analyze which of the characters suffered more to realize right from wrong? Which one basically lost almost everyone in the family due to arrogance, stubbornness and pride? Creon is the only one considered the tragic hero because he comes from the highest level of the social status; he is "neither perfect or ultimate evil" (http://www.md-1.com/ib/tragichero.html), he is stubborn, and he also reflects a personality full of pride. By being the king of Thebes, he is in a position of great power, nobility, responsibility, and influence. He occupies some sense of morality and also states nobility by defending and protecting his city over everything he encounters opposing his rules. He is very clear when he says "These are my principles. Never at my hands will the traitor be honored above the patriot" (Sophocles 1048). Creon is a very fair and excellent ruler; he punishes the wrong and rewards the good. "But whoever proves his loyalty to the state I'll prize that man in death as well as life" (Sophocles 1048). On the other hand, the character is not perfect. His choice of punishment, refusing and demanding that nobody is allowed

Wednesday, November 27, 2019

Brain

Brain Introduction Through a recent approach done in the educational literature, brain based learning is associates with the structure and the relation of the functioning of the brain. The researchers of this approach have come up with principles concerning the brain and how it relates with learning (Kahveci Ay, 2008).Advertising We will write a custom essay sample on Brain-Based Learning Principles and Strategies specifically for you for only $16.05 $11/page Learn More The values of brain based learning offers a theoretical framework for an efficient learning and the teaching process, providing the best conditions in which learning occurs in the brain. These principles guide the instructors to prepare and decide on the best learning surroundings, based in neurobiology (Ozden Gultekin, 2008). Brain-based learning illustrates the performance of the brain and considers the rules and regulations of the brain for meaningful learning. The most vital function of the b rain is to learn, which acts as any other part of the human organs. The brain has limitless capability for learning. Therefore, the functions of the brain are vital for the efficiency of learning. This means that in order to have effectual learning, the brain must be functioning well (Kahveci Ay, 2008). The instructors, who perform their duties in teamwork with the neurobiologists, combine their facts concerning the functions of the brain and they adapt them to the learning principles of the brain (Ozden Gultekin, 2008). Principles and strategies of brain-based learning One of the principles based on the brain learning suggests that effectual learning is only achievable trough practicing and taking into considerations the real life events. Through this, the brain will be more expressive and will uphold the processes in search of meaning and patterning (Ozden Gultekin, 2008). Research has shown that when the brain conveys its pattern making behavior, it will create coherency and t he meaning. When the learning activity associates with the physical experience, learning becomes efficient. In addition, an environment of total immersion in a multitude of complex interactive experiences makes learning possible. This comprises the traditional methods used in instructing and the analysis as part of the larger practices (Lackney, 2011).Advertising Looking for essay on psychology? Let's see if we can help you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More Research done concerning the brain reveals that association of the brain and emotions helps individuals to recall and remember the memories preserved in the central nervous system. The limbic system and the neo-mammalian brain happen to be the home place where emotions originate. The Sensory data relayed to the thalamus in the midbrain acts as a relay station to the sensory cortex (Lackney, 2011). The two organs that are integral to the learning procedure and the individuals’ capability to stay focused in their surroundings are the amygdala and hypothalamus. The emotional stimulus highly stimulates the interpretation of curriculum in both the student and the teacher. From this, two opportunity routes may happen, one involving the conscious brain, which comprises the prefrontal cortex and the other one including the shorter, faster route, which comprises of the amygdale (Rushton Juola, 2008). An environment that offers the students with choice and empowerment, enhanced by the usage of hands-on, differentiated instruction, permits the students to be responsible for their learning, thereby involving several parts of the brain. With such surroundings, there is a possibility of provision of aid in the thickening of the myelination sheaf, development of neurons and stimulation of serotonin and other neurochemicals, which enhances the child’s welfare. The development of the brain, supported by efficient teachers, encourages children to make new discoveries in stra tegized surroundings that enhance student autonomy (Rushton Juola, 2008). The brain friendly places are where the learning in the brain occurs, normally called the brain-based classrooms. These learning classrooms happen to be the perfect learning environments where the brain roles and responsibilities in learning occur in terms of training and learning procedures. In these classes, learners get submerged into difficult and stressful experiences. Most people assume that in the brain classrooms, learners are unique and the previous knowledge given to them acts as a baseline to new learning.Advertising We will write a custom essay sample on Brain-Based Learning Principles and Strategies specifically for you for only $16.05 $11/page Learn More Utilization of different strategies in learning is of paramount importance for it will enable the learner to feel safer in the learning surroundings and it will provide the learners with different explanations. This wil l also enrich learning and the educators will have wider knowledge for the learning process (Ozden Gultekin, 2008). To activate emotions and learning, the brain requires difficulties or a surrounding that creates stress. Generation of stress in the brain enhances a survival imperative. However, too much stress and anxiety hinders chances created for learning. On the other hand, too little stress makes the brain to be more relaxed and comfortable and this enhances easy learning. Relaxed alertness is a term that refers to the brain state for optimal learning. This means that as the designers and the instructors require creating opportunities that are not only secure to learn, they also flash some emotional interests through celebrations and performance of rituals (Lackney, 2011). Conclusion Brain-based learning is a perfect strategy for helping students in all levels enhances their learning capabilities. Pioneers of this learning strategy developed twelve basic principles of the brai n that helps in producing efficient learning. Brain-based learning also stresses the importance of exercising the brain as a major strategy of this approach. In addition, it utilizes the purpose of emotions and stressful circumstances, which help in the earning process. This approach also comprises of learning environments for instance brain-based classrooms where instructors and students engage in an interactive process. References Kahveci, A. Ay, S. (2008). Different Approaches –Common Implications: Brain-Based And Constructivist Learning From A Paradigms And Integral Model Perspective. Journal of Turkish Science Education, 5, 3, 124-129. Lackney, J.A. (2011). Twelve Design Principles Based on Brain-based Learning Research. Web.Advertising Looking for essay on psychology? Let's see if we can help you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More Ozden, M. Gultekin, M. (2008).The Effects of Brain-Based Learning on Academic Achievement and Retention of Knowledge in Science Course. Electronic Journal of Science Education, 12, 1: 3-19. Rushton, S. Juola, A. (2008). Classroom Learning Environment, Brain Research and the No Child Left behind Initiative: 6 years later. Early Childhood Educational Journal, 36, 87-92.